Virtue theorists also emphasize the need for people to learn how to break bad habits of character, such as greed or anger. The ethical principles in nursing includes definitions of fidelity, beneficence, autonomy and integrity. Consequentialist ethics refers to the idea that the correct moral response is always going to be related to the outcome, or consequence, of the act. Right and wrong is not definite in most cases as there are no absolute truths. Justice and equity is simple, it refers to being fair and equal to all patients no matter their socioeconomic status or resources at their disposal. The integration of nursing theories into practice demonstrates an evolutionary pathway for introducing a paradigm shift in the essence of the science of nursing. The fantastic death isn’t a familiar idea in American culture. The Advantages of Ethical Theories in Nursing. Unit 6: Ethical Theories in Nursing "The first step in the evolution of ethics is a sense of solidarity with other human beings." nursing ethics the values and ethical principles … Paternalism is a negative principle of nursing and is implied when a nurse does not respect the patients’ right to autonomy by making decisions for the patient because he or she thinks she knows what’s best for that patient (Sliva & Ludwick, 1999). In nursing it is a duty to disclose pertinent information and the obligation to respect confidentiality at the same time. © Copyright 2020 Alice Petiprin, Nursing-Theory.org. As mentioned previously, Rae suggests that ethics are a process that is both an art and a science. Ethical Theories. Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/ethical-theories-of-nursing-essay, Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. To a layperson some of these … Some ethical theories that influence nursing practice are Consequentialism, Deontology, Ethical Relativism, Utilitarianism theory, Teleology, Virtue ethics, and Justice and equity. Nurses should be familiar with the ethics of the nursing profession, but also be comfortable with their own ethical code. Many families will leave a person to help at times, but it’s the hospital’s legal obligation to discover an interpreter for continued understanding by the client to be sure the client is completely informed and comprehends in her or his main language. Ethics can also come into play when a nurse is off-duty. At times, nurses may be asked to do things by other health care providers or employers that are out of their comfort zone. Nurses have the responsibility to recognize and identify ethical issues that affect staff and patients. Three elements involved in informed consent are Informed, Competent, and Voluntary. An example of fidelity would be keeping a promise to a patient of coming back to check on them even if they become slammed with a heavy workload. Mappes, T.A. Nursing ethics will remain an important aspect of the nursing profession. The nursing professional practice is guided by the ethical theories and principles, hence the significance of this concept. The ethics board is a committee of health care providers who help to resolve ethical issues that arise in hospitals. Nursing students learn about ethics during the course of their nursing education. What this means is the patient has all the accurate information, they are in a stable and competent mindset to make the decision, and that they are voluntarily making the decision. This chapter introduces the role of the nurse and the ethics of nursing in contemporary practice. All the ethical theories such as teleological theories and deontological theory have implications in the practice of nursing care. Boosta Ltd - 10 Kyriakou Matsi, Liliana building, office 203, 1082, Nicosia, Cyprus. The two major ethics theories in Nursing, which identify and rationalize moral rules and principles, are Deontology and Utilitarianism. While there are no universal truths in ethical relativism there are few topics that are not open to debate, such as incest (American Nurses Association, 2011). This means that accurate information must be provided to the patient in order to make an informed decision. The nurse must take on the fact that whatever a person thinks is right, is right. Moral principles commonly used in discussions on ethical issues in nursing and health care include the principles of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice. It is these ethics that make a nurse so valuable to clients and ultimately makes a nurse the client’s best advocate. and Zembaty, J. 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