Tamil is the official language of the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, as well as two sovereign states, Sri Lanka and Singapore. However the process of writing and publicising laws has mostly been carried out in English. The perceived inequality between Tamils and Sinhalese led to the 1983 to 2009 civil war between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Act, No. Tamil is spoken as the first language by Sri Lankan Tamils, but also Moors (the country’s third biggest ethnic group) and by Indian Tamils, who mainly live in the centre of the country. The Veddas, the aborigines of Sri Lanka who are Austro-Asiatic in origin, might have rendered the name Lanka to the island. The Tamil rebels’ organization, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, continued their insurgency into the 21st century. 100 Hours - Rs.5,000 150 Hours - Rs.10,000 ... Pay Online. Tamil is an official language in two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore. Both Sinhala and Tamil are considered national languages; only about 18% of the population speaks Tamil as a mother tongue, however. Chapter 4, Sections 18 (1) and (2) of the Constitution proclaims: The Official Language of Sri Lanka … This difficulty is rooted in disagreements among people of differing ethnicities. On the other hand, the eastern and northern regions speak Tamil. Tamil is a Dravidian language that's spoken by about 18 percent of the island nation's population. See below for the most-spoken languages of Sri Lanka. Next. This language belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry (Pondicherry). dependent entities where Tamil was an official language. Another creole language spoken in Sri Lanka is Sri Lankan Portuguese Creole, spoken by only 30 of the 3,400 people of Portuguese descent. The news about the exclusion of Tamil, one of the two official languages in Sri Lanka, at the forthcoming national freedom day celebrations began … Within Sri Lanka, there are thought to be approximately 4.7 million Tamil speakers; although worldwide, there are 70 million. The official language of Sri Lanka is Sinhala. Tamil is spoken by the Tamil people of India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa and by the Tamil diaspora. Som… One of the official languages of Sri Lanka is Sinhalese. Researchers have discovered writings that date back to around 500 BC and its literary works date back to over 2,000 years. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. Previous. One Response to “THE TAMIL LANGUAGE IN SRI LANKA Part 8” dingiri bandara Says: February 27th, 2019 at 9:26 am. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Sri Lanka? The majority of Tamil speakers- about 70 million- live in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu (meaning: country). Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas. Researchers have discovered writings that date back to around 500 BC and its literary works date back to over 2,000 years. The Constitution of Sri Lanka gives equal place to the official languages of Sri Lanka, namely Sinhala and Tamil. For those Tamil speakers who do not speak Sinhalese, finding jobs or even doing government paperwork can be difficult. Tamil Language Rights in Sri Lanka. The majority ofTamils are Hindu, with smaller Catholic, Buddhist and Muslim populations, all a similar size to one another. The Official Languages Commission, The Department of Official Languages and National Institute of Language Education and Training are today under the Ministry of National integration and Official languages. Constitution of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) of 1972, Chapter III 122 Seldom used nowadays is Arwi, a written register of Tamil that uses the Arabic script and has extensive lexical influences from Arabic. All the languages spoken in the country have been influenced a lot by the languages of neighboring countries such as Malaysia, the Maldives, and India. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Sinhala is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 70 percent of Sri Lanka’s population, which equals approximately 13 million people. Funny Boy, Academy Award nominee Deepa Mehta‘s movie adaptation of Toronto-based author Shyam Selvadurai’s 1994 novel by the same name, has faced criticism from the Ilankai Tamil (the largest Tamil minority group in Sri Lanka) diaspora after the trailer of the film was released in October 2020. Tamil: தமிழ் Tamil is Sri Lanka’s other official language, spoken by about five million people in Sri Lanka, which is about 15 percent of the population. Other minority languages are spoken by about 8% of Sri Lankans. The word is considered as belonging to Austro-asiatic languages. Tamil is spoken by the Tamil people of India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa and by the Tamil diaspora. Tamil is the second official language in Sri Lanka. A number of languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Austronesian, Dravidian, and Indo-Aryan families. Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. ...In the nation of Sri Lanka, English is officially designated the 'link language' between the two official national languages of Tamil and Sinhala. The majority ofTamils are Hindu, with smaller Catholic, Buddhist and Muslim populations, all a similar size to one another. The Tamil rebels’ organization, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, continued their insurgency into the 21st century. The 13th Amendment in 1987 to Article 18 of the 1978 Constitution stated that “the official language of Sri Lanka is Sinhala” while “Tamil shall also be an official language,” with English as a … Seldom used nowadays is Arwi, a written register of Tamil that uses the Arabic script and has extensive lexical influences from Arabic. In the 1980s, growing tensions between the Ceylon Tamil and the Sinhalese Buddhist majority in Sri Lanka prompted Tamil militants to undertake a guerrilla war against the central government in hopes of creating a separate Tamil state for themselves in the north and northeast. The population here is diverse and represents a multitude of cultures, including those from other countries. Sri Lanka is a South Asian island nation located off the southeast coast of India. Copyright © 2018 Department of Official Languages, All Rights Reserved. It covers an area of 25,332 square miles and has a population of 20,277,597. What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of Sri Lanka Mean? Powered By. A handful of the 3,400 people of Portuguese descent speak Sri Lankan Portuguese creole. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has significant numbers of speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. [4] The Muslim community in Sri Lanka widely uses Arabic for religious purposes. 1.This Act may be cited as the Official Language Act, No. It is also spoken by the Tamil diasporafound in ma… The principal foreign language spoken on this island nation is English. The Institute of Official Languages & Professional Studies (IOLPS) trains the youth in Sri Lanka to develop their language skills so that they can face the personal challenge ahead of them successfully. In India, it is also the official language of the Union Territory of Puducherry. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry. It is spoken by around 10% of the population. Sri Lanka Island two official languages: Tamil and Sinhalese. It is still widely used by the aborigines of Central and Eastern India to mean an island and especially an islet in a river. Sri Lanka is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Regulations of 1966 121 12. Tamil speakers number around 4.7 million. By Amber Pariona on April 25 2017 in Society. The Institute of Official Languages & Professional Studies (IOLPS) trains the youth in Sri Lanka to develop their language skills so that they can face the personal challenge ahead of them successfully. Tamil Language Rights in Sri Lanka. This suggests that Tamil was added as an afterthought, or a later addition – … The Official Language Act of Pondicherry stipulated that Tamil shall be used for all official purposes in the territory. Tamil is also an official language of Singapore and spoken amongst minority groups in Malaysia, Mauritius, Australia, South Africa, Canada and the USA. Tamil is one of the official languages of India, of Sri Lanka, and of Singapore. About 300 of the Veddah people, totaling barely 2,500 in 2002,[2] speak the Veddah language, of which the origin is debated. Sri Lanka. Tamil is spoken as the first language by Sri Lankan Tamils, but also Moors (the country’s third biggest ethnic group) and by Indian Tamils, who mainly live in the centre of the country. An additional 4 million speak Sinhalese as a second language. Official Language Act Certified on 7 July 1956. Therefore the citizens of Sri Lanka do not have access to read the laws that affect them. Tamil shall also be an official language. English in Sri Lanka is fluently spoken by approximately 23.8% of the population, and widely used for official and commercial purposes. Languages . It is the native language of approximately 74,000 people, mainly in urban areas. Sinhala and Tamil are genetically unrelated languages. In the 1980s, growing tensions between the Ceylon Tamil and the Sinhalese Buddhist majority in Sri Lanka prompted Tamil militants to undertake a guerrilla war against the central government in hopes of creating a separate Tamil state for themselves in the north and northeast. Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan Creole Malay is the native language of around 46,000 speakers. Tamil Language Courses. English in Sri Lanka is fluently spoken by approximately 23.8%[3] of the population, and widely used for official and commercial purposes. Within Sri Lanka, there are thought to be approximately 4.7 million Tamil speakers; although worldwide, there are 70 million. This language was the lingua franca of the country between the 16th and 19th centuries. 33 of 1956. However, its use has been relegated to areas in which Tamil-speakers make up the majority of the population. Previous. The country has, however, given official status to Tamil and Sinhalese languages. the bureaucracy has hindered the enforcement of Tamil as an official language, as has the absence of any compelling reason for Sinhala-speakers to become proficient in a language spoken by linguistic minorities and unimportant to political, economic and social power. Besides the two official languages in Sri Lanka, several minority languages are also spoken. Various public institutions conduct most of their functions in English, but their official documents are drafted in Tamil, Malay or Chinese. Under this accord the Sri Lankan government made a number of concessions to Tamil demands, including devolution of power to the provinces, a merger—subject to later referendum—of the northern and eastern provinces into a single province, and official status for the Tamil language (this was enacted as the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka). Tamil is an official language in two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore. The word Lanka simply means any island. Categories: Book. The wording of the constitution, however, is problematic. Over 4% of the population can converse in Tamil, and this includes about 100,000 native Tamil speakers. Senanayake – Chelvanayakam Pact of 1965 120 11. Its primary use is for business purposes. The Official Language of Sri Lanka shall be Sinhala. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry. Claiming sovereignty over the North and Eastern Sri Lanka and Puttalam district as: Karaikal: Claiming for a separate union territory in India. Entity Continent Population Status Notes Haryana: Asia … 100 Hours - Rs.5,000 150 Hours - Rs.10,000 ... Pay Online. Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka. This Act may be cited as the Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Act, No. Sri Lanka is home to diverse ethnicities, languages, and cultures with a considerable percentage of the minorities being the Tamil speakers. SRI LANKA'S LAWS. 28 of 1958. Modern-Sinhalese is traced to the Dravidian language as well as Pali and the medieval version of Sinhalese. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. Sri Lanka provide excuses for not implementing of the Official Language Policy at UN CESCR 61 Sri Lanka Brief - 09/06/2017 0 Image: Members of the CESCR at the briefing by Sri … Individuals of Tamil ancestry in Singapore make up about 58% of the India… The languages spoken on the island nation are deeply influenced by the various languages in India, Europe and Southeast Asia. Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Act Certified on 4 September 1958 [see also Enactment of Sinhala Only Law] An Act to Provide for the Use of the Tamil Language and to Provide for Matters connected therewith or incidental thereto 1. Most Tamil speakers consist of Tamil people and those of the Muslim faith. IOLPS Campus. Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups. Lanka. A handful of the 3,400 people of Portuguese descent speak Sri Lankan Portuguese creole. It is the Sinhalese people's native language, who total approximately 16 million. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil. Tamil is a Dravidian language natively spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka. [1], As per 2016, the Sinhala language is mostly spoken by the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 74.9% of the national population and total about 16.6 million. Sri Lanka’s current constitution lists Sinhala and Tamil as official languages, with English being given the status of a ‘link language’. While this diversity leads to the richness of life in Sri Lanka, it also leads to complications in maintaining peace. Sinhala and Tamil are the national languages of Sri Lanka, according to Chapter IV of the 1978 constitution — which was amended in 1987 to give Tamil the status of an official language that was denied nine years earlier — and English was declared the link language. Tamil Language Courses. Today, however, its use is mainly oral and has been declining as younger Sri Lankan Malays have begun relying on Sinhalese, Tamil, and English for communication. IOLPS Campus. The language belongs to the Dravidian language family and is one of the oldest continuously spoken classical languages in the world. 33 of 1956. The former belongs to the Indo-Aryan family and is spoken by about 74% of the … It is considered an Austronesian language and is made up of a mix of Sinhalese, Tamil, and Malay. Sinhala is widely spoken in the southern, western and central parts of the island, while Tamil is almost exclusively spoken in northern and eastern parts of the island. I retired in April 1995, a few years after the passage of the 13th and 16th Ammendments to the Constitution, which introduced Tamil also as an Official Language. It has also borrowed words from Tamil, Portuguese, Dutch, and English. Sinhala is a language that traces to the Indo-Aryan family of languages. English is the government and business language. 9. ... not long after Sinhala was made the only Official Language. The Dravidian languages with the most speakers are (in descending order of number of speakers) Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, all of which have long literary traditions. ... not long after Sinhala was made the only Official Language. The four official languages of Singaporeare English, Tamil, Mandarin Chinese, and Malay. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has additional speakers in … Sri Lanka’s new government declined to sing the national anthem in Tamil, the country’s second national language, during the island’s independence day celebrations. Next. There are more than 40,000 speakers of the Sri Lankan Malay language. Official Language Act, No. Tamil is the most widely used Indian dialect in the country. 28 of 1958 117 10. The Rodiya community within Sri Lanka speaks a dialect of Sinhalese called Rodiya. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. In 1956, the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK), the most dominant Tamil political party in Sri Lanka (then known as Ceylon), lobbied for a united state that would give the minority Tamils and majority Sinhalese equal rights, including recognition of two official languages—Tamil and Sinhala—and considerable autonomy for the Tamil regions of the country. View Exam Result. This Ministry is busily at work, to create a trilingual society in Sri Lanka .The annual report for 2016 records its activities. It is considered an indication of belonging to a lower-caste in the society. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry. I retired in April 1995, a few years after the passage of the 13th and 16th Ammendments to the Constitution, which introduced Tamil also as an Official Language. These individuals are descendants of the Topazes, Casados, and Portuguese Burgher. Written Sri Lankan Malay from the 19th century utilized the Gundul alphabet. AN ACT TO PRESCRIBE THE SINHALA LANGUAGE AS THE ONE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF CEYLON AND TO ENABLE CERTAIN TRANSITORY PROVISIONS TO BE MADE. Powered By. Within that category, is part of the Indo-Aryan branch. Tamil is spoken by about 75 million Tamil native speakers worldwide. The Muslim community in Sri Lanka widely uses Arabic for religious purposes. The Tamil language is spoken by Sri Lankan Tamils, as well as by Tamil migrants from the neighboring Indian state of Tamil Nadu and by most Sri Lankan Moors. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil.The languages spoken on the island nation are deeply influenced by the various languages in India, Europe and Southeast Asia. Colonial powers of Britain, the Netherlands, and Portugal, and Arab settlers have also had an influence on the development of the languages spoken in Sri Lanka. The language belongs to the Dravidian language family and is one of the oldest continuously spoken classical languages in the world. Tamil is the second official language in Sri Lanka. 2. Sinhalese is widely spoken in the western, southern, and central parts of the island. The language originally developed with the arrival of Malay immigrants, who came as laborers, soldiers, and exiles of the Dutch and British colonizers during the 1200’s. It is the native language of approximately 74,000 people, mainly in urban areas. Arab settlers and the colonial powers of Portugal, the Netherlands and Britain have also influenced the development of modern languages in Sri Lanka. It is written with the Sinhalese alphabet which descends from the ancient Indian Brahmi writing. Former territories resp. This article takes a look at the languages of the country. Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. These ethnicities can be recognized and identified by the languages spoken. Apart from the two official languages there are indo-Portuguese, English, Arabic, Sri Lankan Creole, Veddah and sign languages. A road sign in Sinhala, Tamil and English, Ministry of National Languages and Social Integration, Sri Lanka, Department of Official Languages, Sri Lanka, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Sri_Lanka&oldid=984114833, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 07:54. The Tamils make up over 11.2% of the country’s population. Categories: Book. The majority of the population are from the Sinhalese ethnicity, while a large minority of Tamils have also played an influential role in the island's history. It uses the Sinhala abugida script, which is derived from the ancient Brahmi script. Complications in maintaining peace consist of Tamil that uses the Sinhala abugida script, which derived! 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