Internet Archive Books. Her novel The Hanging Tree was brought to the screen by director Delmer Daves and star Gary Cooper in 1959. Liberty began to torment newcomer and lawyer Ransom Stoddard (portrayed by the late James Stewart). This book is a collection of four short(ish) stories - The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, A Man Called Horse, Lost Sister and The Hanging Tree. Stardom and Performance The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) Paramount Pictures Director Producer Screenplay Based on the short story by Cinematography Editing Art Direction Set Decoration Original Music Costume Design John Ford John Ford &Willis Goldbeck James Warner Bellah & Willis Goldbeck Dorothy M. Johnson William H Clothier Otho Lovering Eddie Imazu & Hal Pereira Sam Comer … And then, to everyone’s shock, Rance pulls off a lucky shot and kills Valance. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Synopsis: When Senator Ransom Stoddard returns home to Shinbone for the funeral of Tom Doniphon, he recounts to a local newspaper editor the story behind it all. If Ford did, in a few notable ways, engineer a certain preeminence for Wayne and Doniphon, his film is by no means unequivocal in proclaiming Doniphon’s person and his values over Stoddard’s. This means that for much of the film, Stewart and Wayne – 53 and 54 years old respectively at the time of shooting – portray men in their twenties. Ford had to accept those terms or not make the film. Upon entering the territory as a young attorney, Ranse is beaten and robbed by Liberty Valance and his gang. Stoddard silently determines to act. The crux of some interpretations of the film is that this revelation upholds Doniphon and undermines Stoddard’s future successes, showing that they have a dishonest foundation. Did the students enjoy it? Hallie’s fondness for Doniphon, and her sense of regret at how things ended between them, is emphasised especially in the film’s framing scenes, set in the present day. Doniphon – calling Stoddard ‘Pilgrim’, an epithet which has become popularly associated with Wayne – is dismissive, telling Stoddard, ‘I know those law books mean a lot to you, but not out here. [33] Director Sergio Leone (Once Upon a Time in the West, The Good, the Bad and the Ugly) listed Ford as a major influence on his work, and Liberty Valance as his favorite Ford film. We both gotta be professionals." The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance – starring James Stewart and John Wayne – is often considered the last great film John Ford directed, in a career that comprised around 140 films over a period of fifty years. Still others suggest that the film’s casting has its own thematic function: that Stewart’s age is evident in the body of the film despite makeup, but this reflects the fact that he is recollecting for us, looking back on his youth as a much older man, with the story we see unfolding marked by his age, an inevitably subjective account. The belief that he shot and killed Valance – far from establishing his credentials – serves as the sole barrier to his nomination; allowing those opposing him to cast him as heedless and blood-stained. The editor of the local newspaper, the Shinbone Star, asserts his right for information, and demands of Stoddard, ‘Who was Tom Doniphon?’. Doniphon states that he did it ‘in cold blood’ because he knew it would make Hallie happy, and tells Stoddard ‘Hallie is your girl now’. This deeply-felt remark is more ambiguous than it may first appear: it can be read implicating Valance’s death as a springboard, or as something which makes a successful career more difficult or even irrelevant. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (/ˈvæləns/) is a 1962 American dramatic western film directed by John Ford and starring John Wayne and James Stewart. The film is considered one of Ford's best,[31] and in one poll, ranked with The Searchers and The Shootist as one of Wayne's best Westerns. My roots are here…I guess my heart is here. "He didn't want Duke [Wayne] to think he was doing him any favors," Van Cleef said. But his passion was political philosophy . Despite this, the review maintained that the film "has more than enough gusto to see it through," and that Ford had "lost none of his talent for catching the real heart, humor and violent flavor of the Old West in spite of the notable rustiness of his technique. Senator Ransom ‘Ranse’ Stoddard (Stewart) and his wife Hallie (Vera Miles) arrive in Shinbone via steam train. Stoddard befriends Dutton Peabody (Edmond O’Brien), the founder and sole writer of the Shinbone Star. The screenplay by James Warner Bellah and Willis Goldbeck was adapted from a 1953 short story written by Dorothy M. Johnson. However, what we are shown during the convention challenges such a straightforward reading. Stoddard's story flashes back 25 years. Others have posited that the black and white photography served to mask the makeup used to make Stewart and Wayne appear young men. Some of these films have been lost; for some, it is disputed whether Wayne actually appeared on screen at all. We flashback to Ranse's arrival in the town as a fresh-faced attorney as he tells the true story surrounding Valance's death. Ford admitted to wanting Wayne to be the lead; in an interview with Peter Bogdanovich, he stated that he tried to stress Hallie’s lasting attachment to Doniphon throughout the film in order to assert that character above Stewart’s Ranse Stoddard. Valance challenges Ranse to a gunfight to be held later in the evening. Produced for $3.2 million, it grossed $8 million,[2] making it the 15th-highest grossing film of 1962. Valance toys with him, shooting him in the arm. (Wayne's football career at USC had been curtailed by injuries.) ; at which he brutally whips him. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Tom is the only man who stands up to Valance, stating that force is all Valance understands. "How rich did you get while Jimmy was risking his life?" Back in the present at the close of the film, Hallie has left a cactus rose atop Doniphon’s coffin – a fact which causes Stoddard some furrow-browed reflection. Liberty Valance is going to get shot. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Written by Jethro Compton Based on the short story by Dorothy M. Johnson With the voice of Robert Vaughn August 30 - September 9, 2017 ‘They travelled west for gold, hope and liberty. Yet the Star‘s editor throws everything Stoddard has just dictated into the furnace: he does not want its revelation. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (/ ˈ v æ l ə n s /) is a 1962 American Western film directed by John Ford starring James Stewart and John Wayne. "[34] In a retrospective analysis, The New York Times called Liberty Valance "...one of the great Western classics," because "it questions the role of myth in forging the legends of the West, while setting this theme in the elegiac atmosphere of the West itself, set off by the aging Stewart and Wayne. Nor is it sufficient to argue that the movie’s conflicts lack meaning because they lack resolution, or that they are the products of a sometimes confused film. The studio also specified that Wayne's name appear before Stewart's on theatre marquees, reportedly at Ford's request. Foreshadowing: Liberty is playing poker when Ransom calls him out for his lynching of the newspaper editor Peabody. The plot of The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance concerns the end of the Old West, as the society of a small rural town (in this case, the undistinguished town of ‘Shinbone’) transitions towards becoming part of a federal state. Ford is attributed as saying, early in Wayne’s career, that Wayne would become the biggest film star ever owing to the public’s sense of him as an everyman. At a saloon, Valance learns Ranse is waiting for him outside. This book is a collection of four short(ish) stories - The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, A Man Called Horse, Lost Sister and The Hanging Tree. Ford claimed to prefer that medium over color: "In black and white, you've got to be very careful. The viewer also knows from the beginning that Ranse will get the girl and that Tom will end up alone. Her story "A Man Called Horse" was first adapted into an episode of the Wagon Train television series and later into a 1970 film. Ranse is determined that law and justice can prevail over Valance; however, Ranse begins practicing with a gun. Senator Ranse Stoddard and his wife Hallie arrive in Shinbone, a frontier town in an unnamed western state, to attend the funeral of Tom Doniphon. "[20] Portions of the song There'll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight are played in scenes by bar musicians and a marching band. Dorothy M. Johnson (The Hanging Tree and A Man Called Horse). Both within the film and in the apparatus to it, Ford made attempts to affirm Doniphon’s heroism. Yet Doniphon is never so expressive with Hallie, and fears her developing feelings for the young lawyer. [7] A more pragmatic interpretation cites the fact that Wayne and Stewart, two of Hollywood's biggest stars working together for the first time, were considerably older (54 and 53, respectively) than the characters they were playing. The Senator's political career has been built on his killing of the villainous Liberty Valance. Played by Lee Marvin in the film version, the only man he feared was rancher Tom Doniphon, played by John Wayne. To attribute truth and permanence to the emotions we see here is to give them a symbolism and a finality which other parts of the film cannot bear. The climax of the film arrives with the convention for statehood and Stoddard’s nomination for Congress; which is entwined with the twist which reveals Doniphon, not Stoddard, as Liberty Valance’s killer. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance was based on a short story by Dorothy M. Johnson, published in her 1953 collection Indian Country. On the train back to Washington, Stoddard suggests leaving political life – after passing an irrigation bill – and returning to live in Shinbone. On the way, she points out that ‘the cactus rose is in blossom’. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962 poster).jpg 1,913 × 2,918; 2.86 MB The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (publicity photo - Wayne & Stewart).jpg 698 × 861; 249 KB Vera Miles & James Stewart The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Still.jpg 385 × 489; 84 KB Likewise, if Stoddard appears disconcerted at her enduring feelings for Doniphon, perhaps this is only natural, philosophical and fleeting. IN COLLECTIONS. The story opens with the return "[35] The New Yorker's Richard Brody described it as "the greatest American political movie", because of its depictions of a free press, town meetings, statehood debates, and the "civilizing influence" of education in frontier America.[33]. The leader of the group, the titular Liberty Valance (Lee Marvin), ransacks Stoddard’s bags and finds only ‘Law books? "[30], More recent assessments have been more uniformly positive. That statehood and the rule of law genuinely represent progress – in a positive, unsatirical sense of the term – is not significantly argued against. Hallie responds enthusiastically: ‘If you knew how often I’d dreamed of it. Liberty Valance – whose group of men has grown, backed by the cattle barons who seek to prevent a fair vote – arrives and attempts intimidation, but Stoddard and Peabody are voted as the town’s two delegates. "[28] Harrison's Reports gave the film a grade of "Very Good",[29] but Brendan Gill of The New Yorker was negative and called it "a parody of Mr. Ford's best work. In 2007, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."[3][4]. Yes, let’s come back. In the present, Stoddard's political accomplishments fill in the intervening years; but his story will not be published, with editor Scott stating, "This is the West, sir. It remains to appreciate The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance through its complexities: its demonstrating of the irreconcilability of different truths; the inevitability of chance; and the nuanced, small but decisive ways in which societies and personal relations run their course. The screenplay by James Warner Bellah and Willis Goldbeck was adapted from a 1953 short story written by Dorothy M. Johnson. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend." ‘You know the rest of it’, he tells the young Star journalists: he went to Washington and statehood was achieved; he became the state’s first Governor, serving for three terms; served two terms in the Senate; as ambassador to the United Kingdom; returned for one more term in the Senate; and now stands on the threshold of becoming Vice President. "[16], Parts of the film were shot in Wildwood Regional Park in Thousand Oaks, California.[17][18]. When she and Stoddard first arrive back in Shinbone, Stoddard is whisked off by the eager men of the Shinbone Star for an interview; while Hallie – with Link Appleyard, the town’s former marshal – visits Doniphon’s old ranch, never fully restored after the fire. As he departs, he demands of Stoddard, ‘Go on back in there and take that nomination. Ranse and Dutton Peabody, the local newspaper editor, are elected, despite Valance and his gang's attempt to bully the residents into nominating him in order to represent the cattle barons. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The objections to his candidacy centre on his shooting of Valance: should a Congressman be one who takes the law into his own hands; ought the delegates send Stoddard ‘with bloodstained hands to walk the hallowed halls of government’? The Hanging Tree is by far the longest. In 1930, with Ford’s support, Wayne obtained the lead role in director Raoul Walsh’s The Big Trail. He called for the crew's attention and announced, "One of our players doesn't like Woody's costume. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. [14], Stewart received top billing over Wayne on promotional posters, but in the film itself Wayne's screen card appears first and slightly higher on a sign post. You've got to know your job, lay your shadows in properly, get your perspective right, but in color, there it is," he said. The emphasis given to Hallie’s remaining feelings for Doniphon brings into question her relationship with Stoddard. ‘A youngster, fresh out of law school; a bag full of law books and my father’s gold watch’, Stoddard journeys to Shinbone – prior to the introduction of the railroad – on stagecoach. ‘This is the West, Sir’, he says, ‘When the legend becomes fact, print the legend’. At the statehood convention, Ranse decides to withdraw his name for territorial delegate for statehood, concluding he is not worthy after killing Valance. Hallie is frequently Stoddard’s carer, for instance when he arrives in Shinbone after being beaten by Valance, and following the gunfight in which his right arm is injured. ‘Well Tom,’ Stoddard responds, ‘I guess everybody pretty much takes that for granted’. A growing population means that Shinbone is required to send two delegates to a territorial convention for statehood. 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