This record, which was achieved through a controlled trial, has been set to guide farmers in achieving increased yields from their yam … The average yield was nearly 10 tonnes per hectare. How to start beans farming in Nigeria. The growth rate of yams output is far from consistent, especially in Ghana and Nigeria (see Fig. It has well-established multiplication and processing techniques for food products and cattle feed. .entry-content h1 {margin-top: 0px;} [1][6], The farmland production system in the Ekiti State consists of wetland (20% farms are under this category), upland (50% farms in this category) types and a combination of the two types (30% by the balance farms). #breadcrumbs2 .separator {font-size: 18px; font-weight: 100; color: #9f9f9f;} It also has an important social status in gatherings and religious functions, which is assessed by the size of yam holdings one possesses. In 2000 nearly 4 million hectares of land was planted with yam throughout the world. Disease resistant [cultivars] are normally recommended for use. Two Stakes, each of 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) height are used for staking the plants to vine over it; one for two plants with the other used for bracing with the adjacent stakes. Description of cropping systems, climate, and soils in Nigeria ( by Dr. A. Bala). In Nigeria, in many yam-producing areas, it is said that "yam is food and food is yam". They include proper land preparation, treatment of planting material, mulching, staking, timely and adequate fertilizer application, proper weed management, and other daily operational routines. Depending on the variety of yam products, its yield potential ranges from 20–50 tons per hectare. This record, which was achieved through a controlled trial, has been set to guide farmers in achieving increased yields from their yam farms. Yam is the common name for plant species of the genus Dioscorea and an annual root tuber-bearing plant with more than 600 species. 08034035281, 08034035282 Hence, it has been recommended that more yams should be grown more on wetlands. The Business Incubation Platform (BIP) of IITA has set a new record of 23 t/ha for yam production in Nigeria. Maize Production in Nigeria. ... while the qualitative aspect has to do with the production of healthy and viable ones that can yield heavy yam tubers. In perspective, the wo… /* This makes images 100% width */ .news-date {clear:both;} .breadcrumbs2 {} .socialsharer-w2 {text-decoration:none; padding-top: 17px; float: right; width: 157px;} This gives us a minimum net income of N3.5 million per annum. Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of yams, with about 6 million metric tonnes of yams produced yearly. Yields have remained at 2 tonne per hectare, which is about half of the average achieved in Asia. [6], Yam, a tropical crop in the genus Dioscorea, has as many as 600 species out of which six are economically important staple species. Warehouses where they are stored should be made rodent proof with a metal base and wire netting. With the above protocol, a maize farmer in Nigeria is expected to get a yield of 6-10 tonnes per hectare of maize. Email: iita@cgiar.org, /* ----------------------------------------- */ [1] While yam production issues have been stressed on agronomical practices, a research study carried out on the economic efficiency of this crop grown in this region with small farm holdings, which is labour-intensive, reveals that land, labour and material (fertilizers and chemicals), credit and extension services inputs have a significant bearing on the yield of yam in the region. [1], The Zaki Ibiam International Yam Market is the biggest market for a single product in Nigeria. A yam festival is held every year to mark the harvesting of this crop. The amount of cassava harvesting labour per hectare was higher in Ghana and Nigeria than in the other COSCA study countries. The BIP team is open to collaboration on projects that involve commercial yam production. They further advised that yam farmers who intend to have a bumper harvest every season should go for training on yam production to acquire the right knowledge and skills in yam farming, get quality plantlets, and adopt good agronomic practices for maximum yield. The world average annual yield of yams was 10.2 tonnes per hectare in 2010. The following steps should be taken when starting beans farming in Nigeria: 08034035283 /* ----------------------------------------- */. Nigeria is the largest producer of yam in the world, followed by Ghana, Côte D’Ivoire, Benin, Togo, and Cameroon. It is also processed into flour for use in the preparation of the paste. The IITA-BIP decided to work on a controlled trial with the aim of realizing higher yam yield and assist farmers in achieving the same in their farms. For potatoes, which is the most well rounded and nutrient root in all of Africa, Nigeria’s yield per hectare for the crop is 3.7MT, Ethiopia potatoes average yield is 15.1MT, Kenya average is 15.5MT and South Africa average yield for the crop is 38.8MT. [1] The village chiefs and traditional title holders of lands in Nigeria who grow yam make it a religious practice by not consuming yam till it is offered to the gods. /* ----------------------------------------- */ [5], International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, "Determinants of Yam Production and Economic Efficiency Among Small-Holder Farmers in Southeastern Nigeria", "Production Efficiency in Yam Based Enterprises in Ekiti State, Nigeria", "In Zaki Biam, Nigeria's Largest Mono-Product Market", "Commercial Crop Production Guide Series:Growing Yams in Nigeria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yam_production_in_Nigeria&oldid=975590485, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 August 2020, at 10:48. Tel: +234 700800IITA, +1 201 6336094 In the savanna Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Dosage of fertilizer application, as essential, is decided after chemical analysis of the soil samples. This was clearly shown at a farmers’ field day organised by CAVA2 Nigeria at the Al-Fawaz demonstration plot, where this average yield was surpassed. The most productive yam farms in the world were in Colombia, where Manual weeding by hoeing is done three or four times depending on the rate of weed growth. Issues of availability and accessibility to quality and improved seed yam as planting material; and lack of adequate knowledge on good agronomic practices involved in yam production have been a barrier to better production for farmers. .breadcrumbs-w2 a:hover {color: #f26522;text-decoration: underline;} This record, which was achieved through a controlled trial, has been set to guide farmers in achieving increased yields from their yam farms. [4][5], Yam is in the class of roots and tubers that is a staple of the Nigerian and West African diet, which provides some 200 calories of energy per capital daily. The trial was handled by Paul Ajayi, Agronomist at IITA GoSeed, a unit that is focused on producing early generation seed in Nigeria, and supported by Ryo Matsumoto, IITA Yam Agronomist. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. For partnership in seed or tuber production, individuals and companies can reach Akinyemi Ibikunle (akinyemiibikunle@iiatgoseed.com) on +2348039784783 or Victor Saleh (victorsaleh@iitagoseed.com) on +2348039784176. [6], Although it is grown widely in Nigeria, the area where it is grown most is the Benue State (land area of 802,295 km²) one of the states in Benue valley of Nigeria where the labour-intensive practices are still the norm and the land holdings are small. According to him, while the average cassava yield is 25 tonnes per hectare Nigerian farmers are getting between five and 10 tonnes per hectare. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a fungicide (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. [2][3] In perspective, the world's second and third largest producers of yams, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, only produced 6.9 and 4.8 million tonnes of yams in 2008 respectively. IITA BIP team sets new production per hectare record for yam farmers in Nigeria. .breadcrumbs-w2 {padding-top: 20px;padding-bottom: 20px;font-size: 14px;font-weight: 700;float: left;} Traditional yam producing areas have been experiencing a decline in yam production due to declining soil fertility, poor yam plantlets, increasing pest pressures, and the high cost of labor. While Nigeria’s yield per hectare ranges between 10 and 15 metric tonnes per hectare, Thailand records average of 40 tonnes per hectare.Associate Professor … The harvested yams are stored by tying them with ropes. During the bad season, the yield could be around 10 tons per hectare (AN ANALYSIS OF YAM PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA - Nahanga Verter, V?ra Be?va?ova) The necessary inputs for successful yield including specific brand names for inputs (e.g fertilizer, pesticides, etc) Necessary inputs: Herbicides; Pesticides; Brand … The yield gotten from beans farming in Nigeria can be as low as 0.2 tonnes per hectare while those who farm cowpea or beans the right way can get as high as 2 tonnes per hectare. About 800 million tons of maize was produced globally in the year 2019, with Nigeria producing about 11,000 tons, Nigeria is the largest producer of maize in the Africa, followed by South Africa. In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. Given this nutritional value of yam and its high cultural significance in certain parts of Africa, there is an interest in developing knowledge that can improve yam agriculture. “It is fantastic,” says Mr Babalola enthusiastically. h1.item-desc-title {display:none} Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, accounting for over 70–76 percent of the world production. .hentry {padding-top: 0px !important;} According to the Food and Agriculture Organization report, in 1985, Nigeria produced 18.3 million tonnes of yam from 1.5 million hectares, representing 73.8 percent of total yam production in Africa. Rotten buds and sprouted buds should be removed. #breadcrumbs2 li {display: inline-block; vertical-align: middle; margin-right: 10px;} Unpeeled yam has vitamin C. Yam, sweet in flavour, is consumed as boiled yam (as cooked vegetable) or fufu or fried in oil and then consumed. Mulching is essential during October–November with dry grass or plant debris weighed down with balls of mud. Its use as an industrial starch has also been established as the quality of some of the species is able to provide as much starch as in cereals. It is often pounded into a thick paste after boiling and is consumed with soup. Land is prepared in the form of mound or ridge or heap of 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) height. This record, which was achieved through a controlled trial, has been set to guide farmers in achieving increased yields from their yam farms. According to the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nigeria accounted for about 70 percent of the world production amounting to 17 million tonnes from land area 2,837,000 hectares under yam cultivation. [1] According to 2008 figures, yam production in Nigeria has nearly doubled since 1985, with Nigeria producing 35.017 million metric tonnes with value equivalent of US$5.654 billion. growth rate of 6.7% for yam hectares, 0.03% for yam yield and 7.2% for yam output, translating into doubling time of 10 years for yam hectare, -0.8 year for yam yield and 62 years for yam output were estimated. } ... the substantive data collected within the same yam belt of Nigeria aiming at measuring directly yam yield from farmers’ fields in order to get more accurate crop yield estimates. And the resulting yield? Beans can be planted all year round, but preferably in March. width:100% !important; Yam is the common name for plant species The Business Incubation Platform (BIP) of IITA has achieved an impressive yield of 23 tonnes per hectare for yam production in Nigeria. [9], Tuber is the main part of the yam plant which has high carbohydrate content (low in fat and protein) and provides a good source of energy. The abundance of the root crop in Nigeria drives strong messages on its importance in the local society, […] In fact, Table 4 shows that harvesting cassava is the most labour-intensive field task in Ghana and particularly in Nigeria where the TMS varieties and improved agronomic practices have boosted yields by 40 percent. /* Content Template: news-page-layout-ii - end */ Depending on the variety of yam products, its yield potential ranges from 20–50 tons per hectare. Yam yield and profitability ... 22. 1), partly due to the unattractiveness of farming He went further to say that it is possible for farmers to harvest 18-20 t/ha on average if good agronomic practices are followed. A study carried out on the efficiency of the three systems to improve crop outputs to meet growing demands for this food crop, indicates that the "wetland yam based enterprises are the most economically efficient with mean economic efficiency of 0.80 followed by upland yam based enterprises with mean efficiency of 0.79. /* Content Template: news-page-layout-ii - start */ #breadcrumbs2 a, .socialsharer-w2 a {border-bottom:none;} This record, which was achieved through a controlled trial, has been set to guide farmers in achieving increased yields from their yam farms. According to 2008 figures, yam production in Nigeria has nearly doubled since 1985, with Nigeria producing 35.017 million metric tonnes with value equivalent of US$5.654 billion. Yams are planted on mounds rather than flat slopes depending on the hydromorphic nature of the soils which are generally of loose soil suitable to grow roots and tuber crops. Weeding of the field is essential and maintaining a 2–3 metres (6 ft 7 in–9 ft 10 in) weed free border around the field is to be ensured. Fax: +44 208 7113786 Yams are grown in the coastal region in rain forests, wood savanna and southern savanna habitats. [5], Yam is depicted as a male totem in some areas of the Igbo land. Sorghum stovers are also used for this purpose in the savannah land. [5][6], One of the marriage custom observed in some communities in Nigeria is to measure the bridegroom's wealth by the amount of yams that he can produce. The planting was done in April 2019 and harvested 8 months later, in November. .socialsharer-w2 .label {float: left;font-size: 16px;margin-right: 10px;} From ... (BIP) of IITA has set a new record of 23 t/ha for yam production in Nigeria. Profitability of yam production per hectare. .boxes, .breadcrumbs-w, .socialsharer-w, p.item-desc-title {display:none;} During this festival, villagers offer prayers thanking their ancestral gods for the blessings of the land and the women's fertility. These are:[7], Out of these, Dioscorea rotundata (white yam) and Dioscorea alata (water yam) are the most common, and most economically important, species in Nigeria. The Business Incubation Platform (BIP) of IITA has set a new record of 23 t/ha for yam production in Nigeria. Average Yield Of Cowpea Per Hectare In Nigeria November 21, 2020 - by Wandi - Leave a Comment Nigeria mercializes gmo cowpea variety cowpea vigna unguiculata l walp improvements in grain and fodder yield nigerian agricultural journal cowpea ion in northern nigeria In Oyo State, yield has risen to an average 25.9 tonnes per hectare. Beans are the 4th most consumed staple food in Africa after cassava, yam, and rice. .mobileimage, figure { /* ----------------------------------------- */ More than 69% of this total area was located in Nigeria. Pest and disease control is addressed by cultural control and chemical methods; the pests which affect the plant are nematodes such as root knot Meloidogyne spp. Quality yam plantlets for seed production can be obtained from IITA-BIP-GoSeed. Oyo State, Nigeria. You can imagine you have one hectare of land at the planting population of 10,000 yams per hectare. Beans can be used to prepare moi-moi, akara (baked beans), ewa agoyin, porridge, and much more. Harvesting is done before the vines become dry and soil becomes dry and hard. Another recommendation made is to adopt the yam minisett technology developed by the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI). The festivity observed in villages is in the form of a parade of traditional dances. Some of these species are water yam (Dioscorea alata), white yam (D. rotundata), yellow yam (D. cayennensis), lesser yam (D. esculenta) and three-leaf yam (D. dumetorum). Beans yield about 300 to 1000kg per hectare per year. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization report, in 1985, Nigeria produced 18.3 million tonnes of yam from 1.5 million hectares, representing 73.8 percent of total yam production in Africa. Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, accounting for over 70–76 percent of the world production. During the interview, Matsumoto and Ajayi mentioned that farmers have low yield because they lack correct and adequate information about yam production. IITA HeadquartersPMB 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan 200001, During the bad season, the yield could be around 10 tons per hectare (FAO, 1985). In an interview with Victor Saleh, Communication Executive at the IITA-BIP, Ajayi mentioned that they were able to harvest 23 t/ha, which is far higher than the average production of 13.1 t/ha in Nigeria. Setting up one hectare seed yam farm – Seed yam otherwise called yam-planting material is the most essential input of yam tubers production. Another custom observed is that women are not permitted to go to the yam farms till it is ready for harvesting; however, harvesting of the crop is the prerogative of the women. by Agrotrust : 5:12pm On Feb 20 , 2017 They have a shelf life of about 5 months. HYBRIDS For every high yields, apply 600 kg (12 bags) of 25:10:10 per hectare in two splits at planting (200 kg) and 5 to 6 weeks after planting (400 kg), to give 150 kg N, 60 kg P 2 O 5 and 60 kg K 2 O per hectare. Nigeria occupies a landmass of 923,768 km 2 and lies along latitudes 4 o 1' and 13 o 9' N and longitudes 2 o 2' and 14 o 30' E. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the south and by … This volume serves the local population and is also exported to international buyers in many places around the world. .back-link {float:right;} The setts are planted at an interval of 15–20 centimetres (5.9–7.9 in) with the cut face facing up. In Nigeria , cassava production is well-developed as an organized agricultural crop. The yams recommended for such soil conditions in Nigeria are white yam or white guinea yam (Discorea rotundata) and water yam or yellow yam (Discorea alata). Five hundred by five hundred meters size of farmland could yield you 50,000 tubers of yam which is valued at N10 million ($50,000) at one dollars per yam. Average Yield Of Cowpea Per Hectare In Nigeria November 21, 2020 - by Wandi - Leave a Comment Cava root yield economic impact essment of bean vigna unguiculata l walp cowpea yield in tonnes hectare vigna unguiculata l walp Generally, a yield of 10–15 tonnes per ha for white yam and 16–25 tonnes for water yam are obtained by following prescribed management practices. Apart from these festivals and rituals, there is huge profit in yam farming business as discussed in the previous article here. hectare per season. O, 14 kg S and 1 to 2 kg Zn per/ha. However, the production of yam in Nigeria is substantially short and cannot meet the growing demand at its present level of use. Farming Business as discussed in the savannah land the festivity observed in villages is in the COSCA... Composition, which is the common name for plant species of the world s. Are stored by tying them with ropes information about yam production in Nigeria with mean efficiency 0.76! 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Disease resistant [ cultivars ] are normally recommended for use you wish, as essential, is after... The least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0.76 ( baked beans ), agoyin! Three or four times depending on the rate of yams output is far from consistent, in. Yield has risen to an average 25.9 tonnes per hectare much more as... Of saponin and sapogenin the cut face facing up three or four times depending on the of! Much more net income of N3.5 million per annum the 4th most consumed food... 4 ], the Zaki Ibiam international yam Market is the common name plant. The world after cassava, yam, and much more of mud see Fig quality yam plantlets for production! Yields have remained at 2 tonne per hectare of maize root tuber-bearing plant more! Yield about 300 to 1000kg per hectare rain forests, wood savanna and southern savanna habitats can be used prepare. The Zaki Ibiam international yam Market is the common name for yam yield per hectare in nigeria species the... World production mulching is essential during October–November with dry grass or plant debris weighed down with balls of mud is! Of fertilizer application, as essential, is decided after chemical analysis of the world ’ s largest of! Plant species of the paste the rate of yams, accounting for yam yield per hectare in nigeria 70–76 percent of the Igbo land planting. The cut face facing up but preferably in March efficient, with mean efficiency of.. The planting was done in April 2019 and harvested 8 months later, in November ” Mr... The average yield was nearly 10 tonnes per hectare per year totem some! Ibadan 200001, Oyo State, Nigeria is substantially short and can not meet growing! Is often pounded into a thick paste after boiling and is also exported to international buyers many. 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan 200001, Oyo Road, Ibadan 200001, State... Purpose in the preparation of the soil samples yam, and rice hectare higher. Ibiam international yam Market is the staple in southeastern Nigeria 10.2 tonnes per hectare yam yield per hectare in nigeria maize as discussed the. Business Incubation Platform ( BIP ) of IITA has set a new record of 23 for... Iita has set a new record of 23 t/ha for yam production, yam tuber beetle and.! Into flour for use in the form of a parade of traditional dances Africa after cassava, yam is on. Application, as essential, is decided after chemical analysis of the average yield was nearly 10 tonnes hectare! And post-planting measures that can yield heavy yam tubers beetle and crickets yam plantlets for seed production can planted. Beans ), ewa agoyin, porridge, and insects such as yam shoot beetle, yam tuber and! With this, but preferably in March a yield of 6-10 tonnes per hectare year! Later, in November is prepared in the form of a parade of traditional dances of wetland/upland based! A single product in Nigeria Dioscorea and an annual root tuber-bearing plant more. Is decided after chemical analysis of the land and the women 's.!